ou’ve noticed wood-fired ovens whilst relishing your vacations in Europe and you may even enjoy the food theatre that grilling with a timber oven creates in your local pizzeria,but how does a timber fired pizza oven work? Talk to us at Wood Fired Pizza Ovens
Pizza ovens operate on the basis of using three types of heat for grilling:
1. Direct heat from the combustion and flames
2. Radiated heat coming down from the dome,which is at its best when the fire has burned for a while until the dome has turned white and is soot-free
3. Convected heat,which comes up from the floor and from the normal air
Cooking with a wood-fired pizza oven is actually much simpler than you may realize. All you really need to do is to light a great fire in the middle of the oven and then allow it to heat up both the hearth of the oven and the inner dome. The heat you generate from your fire will be absorbed by the oven and that heat will then be radiated or convected,to allow food to cook.
Once you have your oven dome and floor up to temperature,you merely push the fire to one side,using a metal peel,and start to cook,using timber as the heat source,rather than the gas or electricity you may usually rely on.
Of course,there are no temperature dials or controls,other than the fire,so the addition of timber is the equivalent of whacking up the temperature dial. If you don’t feed the fire,you allow the temperature to drop.
How hot you allow your oven to become really depends on what you wish to cook in your wood-fired oven. For pizza,you need a temperature of around 400-450 ° C; if you wish to apply an additional grilling technique,such as roasting,you need to do that at a temperature of around 200-300 ° C. There are different ways to do this.
You could first off get the oven up to 450 ° C and then allow the temperature to go down to that which you require,or Alternatively,you could just bring the oven up to the needed temperature by using less timber.
As you are using convected rather than radiated heat for roasting,it is not as important to get the stones as hot. One more way to have an effect on the amount of heat reaching the food in a very hot oven is to apply tin foil,to reflect some of the heat away.
Heat created within a wood-fired oven should be well-retained,if your oven is built of refractory brick and has good insulation. To cook the best pizza,you need to have an even temperature in your oven,both top and bottom. The design of the Valoriani makes this easy,but this is also an area where the quality of the oven will have a big effect.
Some ovens may require you to leave embers on the oven floor,to try to heat it up sufficiently. Others have little or no insulation,so you will have to feed the fire much more. But that means it will then have too much direct heat and won’t cook top and bottom evenly.
One more thing to watch is,if the floor of the oven isn’t storing heat,you may need to reheat if before grilling every single pizza– a real irritation. The message here is to always look for an oven built from the very best refractory materials and designed by artisans,like a Valoriani.
So,taking that into consideration,we’re going to change the title of this blog. The advice above isn’t so much about how timber fired pizza ovens operate,but how the best wood-fired ovens operate. If you go through a few ovens before steering a course towards a Valoriani, that’s something you’ll come to appreciate.